Magento 2 Missing Main Navigation

Weirdly, and unlike M1, Magento 2 does not show the main navigation menu by default. You need to create some categories and subcategories to act as placeholders while you are theming, *and* assign them to the store view, to make the main navigation show up.

Creating the categories is simple, just go Catalog > Categories

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Adding them to the store view is the part that tripped me up. Go Stores > All Stores

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…. and click on a store but *not* a website or store view. ¬†Only stores have give you the option to set a root category.

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Clear cache and the navigation should show up now.